2 edition of Use of animals in research, development and testing. found in the catalog.
Use of animals in research, development and testing.
|Contributions||Great Britain. Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology.|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||92|
In some cases the animal experiments are performed specifically due to legal requirements. Small rodents, particularly mice and rats, are used for the vast majority of animal experiments. The use of animals for the testing of certain consumer products is a sensitive issue - and rightly so. Putting an end to animal experimentation is more than just a matter of ethics. A growing number of scientists and clinicians are challenging the use of animal models on medical and scientific grounds.
Animal testing has long played a part in the science of testing, and it still plays a very important role in the medical world. Testing on animals in order to create a cure for AIDS is one thing, but testing on animals for human vanity is another. Animal testing is used to test . Alternatives to Animal Use in Research, Testing, and Education (), by United States Congress Office of Technology Assessment (PDF files at Princeton) Filed under: Animal models in research Science, Medicine, and Animals: A Circle of Discovery (Washington: National Research Council, National Academies Press, ), by Institute for.
The history of animal testing goes back to the writings of the Ancient Greeks in the 4th and 3rd centuries BCE, with Aristotle (– BCE) and Erasistratus (– BCE) one of the first documented to perform experiments on animals. Galen, a physician in 2nd-century Rome, dissected pigs and goats, and is known as the "Father of Vivisection.". Our Mission aims to provide reliable, detailed information about when and why it is appropriate to use animals, and the history of this area of research. Science writers employed by Understanding Animal Research provide source information about the contribution of animals to scientific advances, and the rationale for why.
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Get this from a library. The use of animals in research, development and testing. [Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (Great Britain)]. One might have the impression that animal research is conducted only with the aim of alleviating human suffering.
The conduct of extensive research in veterinary schools and other institutions indicates that that is not the case. Most research on domestic farm animals is undertaken to increase the productivity and quality of animal products. It is hard to imagine that the general public will read such a book, but hopefully the scientists and students who carry out animal based research will use Author: Judith K.
Blackshaw. In the book it talks about how scientist use animals to test other cures or antidotes, but they don't realize that your still harming a living creature.
The author did a fantastic job on this book and was very well organized with the facts and photos. I recommend this book for someone who will take a stand for the animals in labs!/5. Animal experimentation has made a crucial contribution to many of the most important advances in modern medicine.
The development of vaccines for deadly viruses like rabies and yellow fever depended upon animal research, and much of our basic knowledge about human health and physiology was discovered through the use of animals as well.
Inspite of these gains, animal rights activists 1/5(1). Animal Testing.: Because of the biological similarities between many animals and humans, scientists can learn about diseases, and find out how humans might react to medicines, cosmetics, chemicals, and other products by testing them on animals s: 1.
Alternatives to Animal Use in Research, Testing, and Education DEFINITION In this report, animal is defined as any non-human member of the five classes of verte-brates: mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish (see ch.
Within this group, two kinds of animals can be distinguished—warm-blooded assessment. Nevertheless, animal research remains a small, but vital, part of biomedical research—experts estimate it at about 10% of total biomedical R&D spending. The principles of replacing, reducing and refining the use of animals in scientific research are central to UK by: In addition, FDA has research and development efforts underway to reduce the need for animal testing and to work toward replacement of animal testing.
When animal testing is done to support. Alternatives to Animal Use in Research, Testing, and Education: Office of Technology Assessment Congress of the United States: Medicine & Health Science Books @ The list of books below mainly includes broad topic books that I use in the beginning of the project as students search for the animal they want to learn more about.
Animal Atlas by Claire Llewellyn An information-packed atlas that provides an exciting introduction to all kinds of animals. The Use of Animals in Testing Testing for the safety or efficacy of a substance or product accounts for a major use of animals as defined in this assessment, most of which are rats and mice (see ch.
Of these, probably the largest portion are used in developing drugs. A significant portion are also used to test. This book looks at the use of animals by people who carry out research into new and better medicines. All new medicines are studied in animals before researchers are permitted to test and use them in people.
Many people accept the use of animals in this way File Size: 1MB. Harvard’s Wyss Institute has created “organs-on-chips” that contain human cells grown in a state-of-the-art system to mimic the structure and function of human organs and organ systems. The chips can be used instead of animals in disease research, drug testing, and toxicity testing and have been shown to replicate human physiology, diseases, and drug responses more accurately than crude.
Using animals in research, testing and teaching C. Gauthier (1) & G. Grifﬁn (2) (1) Executive Director, Canadian Council on Animal Care, Albert, Ottawa ON K1P 5G4, Canada.
Mankind has been using animals already for a long time for food, for transport and as companion. The use of animals in experimental research parallels the development Cited by: Moreover, since osteomyelitis research spans the fields of microbiology, immunology, bone biology, biomechanics, orthopaedics and pre-clinical testing of drugs, vaccines and implants, the animal models used for this research must be equally diverse in their size and sophistication.
This colorful, page booklet is designed to educate teenagers about the role of animal research in combating disease, past and present; the perspective of animal use within the whole spectrum of biomedical research; the regulations and oversight that govern animal research; and the continuing efforts to use animals more efficiently and humanely.
The use and sacrifice of these animals bred for research might be considered an acceptable ethical cost if there is appropriate consideration for their welfare in life.
A key welfare consideration for animals in research, Nakamura said, is to minimize pain and distress and improve overall well-being. While most researchers who support animal testing seem to feel this is a regrettable but necessary practice, some, such as Dr.
John VandeBerg, director of the Texas Biomedical Research. The media regularly report impressive medical advances, but not the animal research that plays a critical role in developing the new treatment or giving us insights into basic science.Designing Research.
Why Animals are Used; Research Animals; Experimental Design & Analysis; Chemical Toxicology; Alternatives and the 3Rs; Misconceptions; Medical Advances.
Timeline; Diseases & Research; Nobel Prizes; Veterinary Medicine; Medical Procedures; Paget Lectures & Articles; Research in the news; Drug Development.
The Process; Safety.